The Effects of Manufacturing Industry on the Environment: case of Atonsu-KaaseAhinsan in the Ashante Region of Ghana
Manufacturing activities contribute a lot of toxic wastes to the environment; hence this study was carried out to investigate the effect of industrial activities on the neighbouring Surrounding Atonsu-Kaase- Ahinsan industrial/residential area in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Questionnaires were administered, interview method used in the case of the non-literate residents and the drop-and-collect method in the case of the health officials, KMA workers, literate residents and other governmental workers. The observation method was used to collect data on the level of environmental pollution. The study revealed air and water pollution as the most dominant type of pollution in the area. There is also a close association between the different types of pollutants and certain types of diseases. Water pollution is associated with water borne diseases and this is evidenced by the common diseases reported by the Atonsu-Agogo health officer. The study also indicates that the industries adopted inadequate measures of solving environmental problems. The study recommends industries should conduct environmental impact assessment (EIA), apply the polluter pays principle, and mount educational campaigns on how to prevent environmental pollution.